Saami, Ume Language (sju)

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Also Known As: Ume,Lapp,Saami


Ume Sami is a Sami language spoken in Sweden and Norway. It is a dying language with only about 10 native speakers left and is spoken mainly along the Ume River in the north of Arjeplog and Arvidsjaur. Unlike its southern neighbor Southern Sami, Ume Sami has consonant gradation. However, gradation is more limited than it is in the more northern Sami languages, because it occurs only after long vowels or diphthongs. Consonants following a short vowel do not participate in gradation. The verbs in Ume Sami have three persons: There are three grammatical numbers: singular, dual and plural. Ume Sami has two grammatical moods: Ume Sami, like Finnish, the other Sámi languages and Estonian, has a negative verb. In Ume Sami, the negative verb conjugates according to mood (indicative and imperative), person (1st, 2nd and 3rd) and number (singular, dual and plural).

Ume Sami is one of the four Sami languages that does not have an official written language, although it was the first Sami language to be written extensively. The New Testament was published in Ume Sami in 1755 and the first Bible in Sami was also published in Ume Sami, in 1811...... full article at Wikipedia

Location of Saami, Ume Language Speakers


Main Country: Sweden
Spoken In:

Regions: Europe

ISO 639-3 Code: sju

Classification Taxonomy

All Languages

  Uralic Group

    Finno-Ugric Group

      Finno-Permic Group

        Finno-Cheremisic Group

          Finno-Mordvinic Group

            Finno-Lappic Group

              Lappic Group

                Southern Lappic Group

                  Saami, Ume Language