Jarai Language (jra)

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Also Known As: Cho-rai,Mthur,Gia-rai,Jorai,Djarai,Chor,Gio-rai,Chrai,Jarai


The Jarai language is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by the Jarai ethnic group of Vietnam and Cambodia. The speakers of Jarai number approximately 332,557. They are the largest of the upland ethnic groups of Vietnam's Central Highlands known as Degar or Montagnards. The language is in the Chamic subgroup of the Malayo-Polynesian languages, and is thus related to the Cham language of central Vietnam. A number of Jarai also live in the United States, having resettled there following the Vietnam War. Influenced by the surrounding Mon-Khmer languages, words of the various Chamic languages of Southeast Asia, including Jarai, have become disyllabic with the stress on the second syllable. Additionally, Jarai has further evolved in the pattern of Mon-Khmer, losing almost all vowel distinction in the initial syllable. While trisyllabic words do exist, they are all loanwords. The typical Jarai word may be represented: (C)(V)-C(C)V(V)(C)

where the values in parentheses are optional and "(C)" in the cluster "C(C)" represents a liquid consonant /l/, /r/ or a semivowel /w/, /y/. In Jarai dialects spoken in Cambodia, the "(C)" in the cluster "C(C)" can also be the voiced velar fricative /ɣ/,..... full article at Wikipedia

Location of Jarai Language Speakers



Main Country: Vietnam
Spoken In:

Regions: Asia

ISO 639-3 Code: jra

Classification Taxonomy

All Languages

  Austronesian Group

    Malayo-Polynesian Group

      Western Malayo-Polynesian Group

        Sundic Group

          Malayic Group

            Achinese-Chamic Group

              Chamic Group

                South Chamic Group

                  Plateau South Group

                    Jarai Language