Judeo-Berber Language (jbe)

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Also Known As: Judeo-Berber language


Judeo-Berber is a term used primarily for the Berber varieties traditionally spoken by the Jewish communities of certain parts of central and southern Morocco. While mutually comprehensible with the Tamazight spoken by most inhabitants of the area (Galand-Pernet et al. 1970:14), these dialects are distinguished by the use of Hebrew loanwords and the pronunciation of š as s (as in many Jewish Moroccan Arabic dialects). Communities where Jews spoke Judeo-Berber included Tinerhir, Ouijjane, Asaka, Imini, and Ait Bou Oulli (in the Tamazight-speaking Middle Atlas), and Oufrane and Illigh (in the Tasheliyt-speaking Sous). (Galand-Pernet et al. 1970:2) Almost all speakers of Judeo-Berber left Morocco in the years following its independence, and their children have mainly grown up speaking other languages. As of 1992, about 2,000 speakers remain, mainly in Israel; all are at least bilingual in Judeo-Arabic.

Apart from its daily use, Judeo-Berber was used for explaining religious texts, and occasionally written, using Hebrew characters; a manuscript Pesah Haggadah written in Judeo-Berber has been reprinted (Galand-Pernet et al. 1970.) A few prayers, like the Benedictions over the Torah,..... full article at Wikipedia

Location of Judeo-Berber Language Speakers



Main Country: Israel
Spoken In:

Regions: Asia

ISO 639-3 Code: jbe

Classification Taxonomy

All Languages

  Afro-Asiatic Group

    Berber Group

      Northern Berber Group

        Atlas Group

          Judeo-Berber Language