Paicî Language (pri)

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Also Known As: Paici language,Pati,Ci,Paaci,Ponerihouen


The Paicî language is the most populous of the two dozen languages on the main island of New Caledonia. It is spoken in a band across the center of the island. Paicî has a rather simple inventory of consonants, compared to other languages of New Caledonia, but it has an unusually large number of nasal vowels. (Gordon 1996) Paicî syllables are restricted to CV. (Gordon 1996) The palatal stops could be considered affricates since they occur with a heavily fricated release. The lateral and tap do not occur word initially except in a few loan words, and the prefix /ɾɜ/ they. (Gordon 1996) Because nasal stops are always followed by nasal vowels, while prenasalized stops are always followed by oral vowels, it might be argued that nasal and prenasalized stops are allophonic. This would reduce the Paicî consonant inventory to 13. Paicî has three tones: high, mid, low. Additionally, there are vowels with no inherent tone. (That is, their tone is determined by their environment.) Words commonly have the same tone on all vowels, so tone may belong to the word rather than the syllable.

Paicî has a symmetrical system of 10 oral vowels, all found both long and short without significant..... full article at Wikipedia

Location of Paicî Language Speakers


Main Country: New Caledonia
Spoken In:

Regions: Oceania

ISO 639-3 Code: pri

Classification Taxonomy

All Languages

  Austronesian Group

    Malayo-Polynesian Group

      Central-Eastern Group

        Eastern Malayo-Polynesian Group

          Oceanic Group

            Central-Eastern Oceanic Group

              Remote Oceanic Group

                New Caledonian Group

                  Northern New Caledonian Group

                    Central Northern Group

                      Paicî Language