Songhay, Koyra Chiini Language (khq)

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Also Known As: Sonrai,Songay,Songhai,Songoy,Sonrhai,West Songhoy,Songai,Timbuktu Songhoy,Songhoy,Songoi,Songhay


Koyra Chiini (koyra ʧiini, literally "town language"), or Western Songhay, is a variety of Songhai in Mali, spoken by about 200,000 people (as of 1999) along the Niger River in Timbuktu and upriver from it in the towns of Diré, Tonka, Goundam, and Niafunké, as well as in the Saharan town of Araouane to its north. In this area, Koyra Chiini is the dominant language and the lingua franca, although minorities speaking Hassaniya Arabic, Tamashek, and Fulani are found. Djenné Chiini (ʤɛnnɛ ʧiini), the Songhai variety spoken in Djenné, is mutually comprehensible, but has noticeable differences with Koyra Chiini proper - in particular, two extra vowels (ɛ and ɔ) and syntactic differences related to focalization. East of Timbuktu, Koyra Chiini gives way relatively abruptly to another Songhai language, Koyraboro Senni.

Unlike most Songhai languages, Koyra Chiini has no phonemic tones, and has Subject Verb Object word order rather than Subject Object Verb. It has changed original z to j...... full article at Wikipedia

Location of Songhay, Koyra Chiini Language Speakers


Main Country: Mali
Spoken In:

Regions: Africa

ISO 639-3 Code: khq

Classification Taxonomy

All Languages

  Nilo-Saharan Group

    Songhai Group

      Southern Songhai Group

        Songhay, Koyra Chiini Language