Svan language (sva)

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Also Known As: Svan Language,Lushnu,Svanuri


The Svan language (ლუშნუ ნინ/შკა̈ნ, lušnu nin/šḳän; Georgian: სვანური ენა, svanuri ena) is a language spoken by Svans in Svaneti, in the Caucasus region, Northwest of Georgia. Svan is the native language of about 30,000 Svans, an ethnic subdivision of the Georgian people, living in the mountains of Svaneti, i.e. in the districts of Mestia and Lentekhi of Georgia, along the Enguri, Tskhenistskali and Kodori rivers. Some Svan speakers live in the autonomous republic of Abkhazia; although conditions there make it difficult to reliably estimate their numbers, they are thought to number only around 2,500 individuals. The language is used in familiar and casual social communication. It has no written standard or official status; most speakers also speak Georgian, the country's official language, and use it as their literary and business language. There is no official instruction in Svan, and the number of speakers is declining due to the dispersal of the Svan population in the face of increasing economic hardship. The language is regarded as being endangered, as proficiency in it is limited among young people.

Svan is the most differentiated member of the four South Caucasian..... full article at Wikipedia

Location of Svan language Speakers

Rosetta Document Collection



Main Country: Georgia
Spoken In:

Regions: Asia

ISO 639-3 Code: sva

Classification Taxonomy

All Languages

  South Caucasian Group

    Svan Group

      Svan language